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VŠE 2AJ20X (angličtina)

Vítejte na stránce, která by Vám měla pomoci při učení ekonomických definicí v angličtině a tzv. "word building". Definice jsou opsány z nové učebnice pro VŠE kurz 2AJ20X. Jestliže v textech nebo na stránkách najdete jakékoliv chyby - stačí když mi je napíšete na info@stencek.com.

Pozn.: občas se při vypisování definic objeví 1 prázdné pole. Prostě nevyplňujte nic - bude to dobře ;)

Word-building

Glossary: test_22-28

the control, by the government, of a country’s currency and its system for lending and borrowing money, esp. through the supply of money
gradual intensification of inflation
(see Bank deposits multiplier or Money multiplier) the ratio of potential change in the money supply to an initial change in excess reserves
assets kept by a bank to be able to provide cash in exchange for deposit balances when needed
any article which is widely used because it forms a convenient and commonly acceptable means of payment when goods are exchanged, bought and sold
a letter from one bank to another bank, by which a third party, usually a customer, is able to obtain money
a bank account which usually earns little or no interest and from which money can be taken out at any time by cheque
combination of stagnation and inflation, i.e. existence of high unemployment and recession and high rates of inflation at the same time
one of a series of payments, usually as a means of buying goods
(see Credit multiplier or Money multiplier) the ratio of potential change in the money supply to an initial change in excess reserves
general decrease in prices
a method used by central banks to control the level of interest rated by influencing conditions in the money market by buying and selling bonds and securities in the open market, thus reducing or increasing the funds available in the market
1) any kind of money that is in general use as cash, passing from person to person, such as coins and banknotes, 2)the money of a particular country
information or a warning given in advance about something that is going to happen in the future
alternative measures of the money supply which differ from each other according to which types of deposits are included
unemployment resulting from changes in economy itself
a state-owned bank which controls the amount of money available and the general banking systems in a country, and influences interest rates
a signed document, such as a Cheque, that orders a person or an organization, such as a bank, to pay a fixed sum of money on demand or on a certain date to the person specifies
money in the form of coins and notes
the easy and speed with which an asset can be converted into a medium of exchange
(see Credit multiplier or Bank deposits multiplier) the ratio of potential change in the money supply to an initial change in excess reserves
an arrangement where goods and services can be received now and paid for later, within an agreed period
the relation between a bank’s total cash reserves of notes, coin, etc. and its total deposit liabilities
an investment or item of financial value, esp. a stock, share or debenture, that can be bought and sold on a stock exchange
(see Moderate inflation) single-digit inflation
double or triple digit inflation
reserves held by banks in excess of the amounts required by law that are available to lend
inflation of four or more digits
money invested in a bank account that pays interest and for which the bank needs a notice in advance if the money is to be taken out
inflation that occurs when restrictions are placed on the supply of factor inputs, or, when the prices of those inputs are increased
a financial institution that specializes in providing services such as savings accounts as opposed to general banking services
a financial institution that provides insurance
a book that lists all payments into and withdrawals from a savings bank account
a customer’s instruction to a bank to pay a certain amount to another person or organization at regular intervals
a process by which cheques and other payments are passed through the banking system until the transactions are completed
a loan made by a bank to a customer so s/he may withdraw more money than is actually in the bank account
(see Labour force) all people of working age, both employed and unemployed
a special printed form filled in a signed by a person (the drawer) asking a bank (the drawee) to pay a sum of money to someone (the payee)
a type of a current account used mainly by employees
the rate of interest charged by a central bank to commercial banks that borrows from it
middlemen who bring borrowers and lenders together
unemployment resulting from fluctuations in economic activity
the percentage of people in the labour force who cannot find a job but are looking for it
the total of all the money held by all persons and organizations in a country at a particular time; the whole of a country’s existing stock (or supply) of money to hold as a liquid asset
the fact that payments to be made in the future are usually specified in terms of money
a general continuous increase in the average level of prices of goods and services in the economy
money that has value as a commodity as well as in its role as money, such as precious metals, cows, tobacco, or other tangible goods
gold or silver in the form of bars not coins
the cost of borrowing money expressed as a percentage of the capital borrowed (úroková míra)
all people of working age, both employed and unemployed
an amount charged for money borrowed
the desire to hold money as one of many kinds of financial assets, negatively related to the interest rate
the ability of the banking system to lend (create money) by a multiple of its excess reserves
single-digit inflation
a financial intermediary with a government license to make loans and issue deposits
the ability to store wealth or purchasing power for future use
an asset which can be used almost as if it were money although it is not
(see Current Account) a bank account which usually earns little or no interest and from which money can be taken out at any time by cheque
the desire to hold money for the purpose of making purchases or expenditures in the near future
(see Money supply) the total of all the money held by all persons and organizations in a country at a particular time; the whole of a country’s existing stock (or supply) of money to hold as a liquid asset
money provided by a bank to companies and to private persons in the form of loans and overdrafts
a bank that provides finance for companies, esp. by buying stocks and securities and selling them in smaller units to the public
(also called: high-powered money) cash in circulation with the public plus bank’s till money and bank’s operational deposits at the central bank
a bank account kept in a foreign currency
money collected from employers and employees, or by the State, and invested to provide future pensions
(ses Cheque) a special printed form filled in a signed by a person (the drawer) asking a bank (the drawee) to pay a sum of money to someone (the payee)
a measure of value and a standard of comparing values of different goods and services
a small plastic card with a memory chip
a plastic card which is used instead of money or a cheque to pay for goods and services. The cost is taken directly from the user’s bank account. Debit cards can also be used to obtain money from cash dispensers
a transferable document issued by a bank as evidence that a large sum of money has been lent to the bank for a fixed period of time
a definition of money including financial assets which are relatively liquid, but not as liquid as narrow money items. A financial asset, which would be regarded as narrow money, would also fall within the definition of broad money, but broad money extends the range of assets, which are regarded as money
financial assets which perform the functions of money when a fairly narrow definition of liquidity is applied
a plastic card which is used instead of money to pay for goods and services. The cost is charged to one’s account and paid later
the act of sending or transferring money; the amount sent
paper money or coins of little or no intrinsic (material) value in themselves, that is, accepted as money only because the government declares it to be money
the amount of reserves that banks are required by law to keep, as a fraction of demand deposits
any form of money which by law must be accepted when offered in payment
“I owe you” – a piece of paper saying that one owes a certain amount of money to someone, signed and dated, forming a simple acknowledgement of a debt
unemployment caused by new entrants to the job market and people who have left their jobs to look for and find other jobs
(see Hyperinflation) inflation of four or more digits
the system of exchanging goods for other goods rather than for money
a payment to someone for providing a service or a good, usually a percentage of the total value of the deal
a place where valuable things are stored
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