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VŠE 2AJ20X (angličtina)

Vítejte na stránce, která by Vám měla pomoci při učení ekonomických definicí v angličtině a tzv. "word building". Definice jsou opsány z nové učebnice pro VŠE kurz 2AJ20X. Jestliže v textech nebo na stránkách najdete jakékoliv chyby - stačí když mi je napíšete na info@stencek.com.

Pozn.: občas se při vypisování definic objeví 1 prázdné pole. Prostě nevyplňujte nic - bude to dobře ;)

Word-building

Glossary: test_15-18

assets not having physical existence (goodwill, licence, trademark, etc.)
the cost per unit of output
a system of recording business transactions by debits and credits that are of equal dollar (or other currency) amounts
expenses that vary with changes in the level of a firm´s output
(see Net worth) - the difference between total assets and total liabilities (the amount of money accruing to owners of a firm in the event of liquidation)
exchange rate fixed at a predetermined level
factor market in which individuals supply labour services for wages to firms that demand labour services
all opportunity costs of producing a good with scarce resources, whether money payments are made for these resources or not
the time period that is not long enough to permit changes in some of the important economic conditions facing a decision maker
the exports of goods of a nation less imports of goods
the excess income of a firm after everything has been paid for
amounts owed in dollars (or other currencies) or services due within one year
a summary of all the transactions which took place between the individuals, firms, and government unit of one nation and those in all other nations during a year
the legal minimum that may be paid for one hour of labour
(see Income statement) - a financial statement summarising a firm´s trading performance over the past year
costs applicable to general, administrative, and selling activities of a business
an agreement to borrow money, esp. so as to buy a house, and pay interest on it to the lender over a period of years
all the legal claims that non-owners hold against a particular firm
the difference between total revenue and economic cost for a firm (also called pure profit)
the usual return for enterprise in alternative businesses needed to persuade an entrepreneur to continue production
a favourable, positive balance of trade, that is the excess of exports of goods and services over the imports of goods and services
a tax system in which tax rates rise as incomes rise
the rate at which the tax is paid on each additional unit of taxable income
the extra cost of increasing the output by one more unit
a financial statement summarising what a firm owns and what it owes at a given point in time
(see Gross profit) - revenue minus cost of sales
the sums owed to a firm by its customers
an unfavourable, negative balance of trade, that is the excess of imports of goods and services over the exports of goods and services
unpaid bills of a company to its customers
the change in total revenue associated with one additional unit of input
the percentage paid in tax
the ability to produce a good at a lower opportunity cost than another country can
revenue minus cost of sales
products a firm has for sale
the difference between a firm´s total revenue and its explicit (accounting) costs
the part of the balance of payments statement that lists all long-term flows of payments from the purchase of sale of real or financial assets
a flexible exchange rate fluctuating according to market forces without any government interventions
income from trading activities
the amount of money income received in a given time period, measured in current prices
the total amount received by a firm
the cost, expressed in units of money, of making or obtaining goods or services
an organisation of workers in a particular industry, which represents them an aims to improve their pay and working conditions
the difference between total assets and total liabilities (the amount of money accruing to owners of a firm in the event of liquidation)
(see Accounting cost) - the cost, expressed in units of money, of making or obtaining goods or services
the part of the balance of payments statement that lists currently produced goods and services and represents all short-term flows of payment
the forgone benefits of alternative uses for productive resources that are owned by the producer and for which no direct, monetary payments are made
a financial statement summarising net cash flow from operating, investing, and financing activities
the amount of money a worker gets for each unit (ussually an hour) of work
(see Net income) - the excess income of a firm after everything has been paid for
(see Economic profit) - the difference between total revenue and economic cost for a firm
benefit of one nation over others that allows it to manufacture more output because it has a particular resource or commodity in greater quantity than the other countries
cash or other assets that will be turned into cash or used up in one year through the operation of the business
expenses which do not vary with the volume of goods produced
income in constant prices, nominal income adjusted for inflation
a financial statement summarising a firm´s trading performance over the past year
ˆ nahoru